Neonatal and Pediatric Arrhythmias: Clinical and Electrocardiographic Aspects

Card Electrophysiol Clin. 2018 Jun;10(2):397-412. doi: 10.1016/j.ccep.2018.02.008.


Arrhythmias have acquired a specific identity in pediatric cardiology, but for pediatric cardiologists it has always been difficult to recognize and treat them. Changes in anatomy and physiology result in electrocardiogram features that differ from the normal adult pattern and vary according to the age of the child. Sinus arrhythmia, ectopic atrial rhythm, "wandering pacemaker," and junctional rhythm can be normal characteristics in children (15%-25% of healthy children can have these rhythms on the electrocardiogram). Tachyarrhythmias and bradyarrhythmias must be treated according to the severity of symptoms, and the patient's age and weight.

Keywords: Arrhythmias; Bradycardia; Children; ECG; Neonates; Pediatric arrhythmias; Tachycardia.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / diagnosis*
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / physiopathology
  • Child
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Electrocardiography / methods*
  • Heart Rate / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn