Perturbation of the metabolic network in Salmonella enterica reveals cross-talk between coenzyme A and thiamine pathways

PLoS One. 2018 May 23;13(5):e0197703. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0197703. eCollection 2018.


Microorganisms respond to a variety of metabolic perturbations by repurposing or recruiting pathways to reroute metabolic flux and overcome the perturbation. Elimination of the 2-dehydropantoate 2-reductase, PanE, both reduces total coenzyme A (CoA) levels and causes a conditional HMP-P auxotrophy in Salmonella enterica. CoA or acetyl-CoA has no demonstrable effect on the HMP-P synthase, ThiC, in vitro. Suppressors aimed at probing the connection between the biosynthesis of thiamine and CoA contained mutations in the gene encoding the ilvC transcriptional regulator, ilvY. These mutations may help inform the structure and mechanism of action for the effector-binding domain, as they represent the first sequenced substitutions in the effector-binding domain of IlvY that cause constitutive expression of ilvC. Since IlvC moonlights as a 2-dehydropantoate 2-reductase, the resultant increase in ilvC transcription increased synthesis of CoA. This study failed to identify mutations overcoming the need for CoA for thiamine synthesis in S. enterica panE mutants, suggesting that a more integrated approach may be necessary to uncover the mechanism connecting CoA and ThiC activity in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Oxidoreductases / chemistry
  • Alcohol Oxidoreductases / genetics
  • Alcohol Oxidoreductases / metabolism
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Bacterial Proteins / chemistry
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Coenzyme A / metabolism*
  • Metabolic Networks and Pathways* / genetics
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Phenotype
  • Protein Domains
  • Salmonella enterica / growth & development
  • Salmonella enterica / metabolism*
  • Thiamine / metabolism*


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • ThiC protein, Bacteria
  • Alcohol Oxidoreductases
  • 2-dehydropantoate 2-reductase
  • Coenzyme A
  • Thiamine