Genome Sequence Resources for the Wheat Stripe Rust Pathogen (Puccinia Striiformis F. Sp. Tritici) and the Barley Stripe Rust Pathogen (Puccinia Striiformis F. Sp. Hordei)

Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2018 Nov;31(11):1117-1120. doi: 10.1094/MPMI-04-18-0107-A. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Abstract

Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici causes devastating stripe (yellow) rust on wheat and P. striiformis f. sp. hordei causes stripe rust on barley. Several P. striiformis f. sp. tritici genomes are available, but no P. striiformis f. sp. hordei genome is available. More genomes of P. striiformis f. sp. tritici and P. striiformis f. sp. hordei are needed to understand the genome evolution and molecular mechanisms of their pathogenicity. We sequenced P. striiformis f. sp. tritici isolate 93-210 and P. striiformis f. sp. hordei isolate 93TX-2, using PacBio and Illumina technologies and RNA sequencing. Their genomic sequences were assembled to contigs with high continuity and showed significant structural differences. The circular mitochondria genomes of both were complete. These genomes provide high-quality resources for deciphering the genomic basis of rapid evolution and host adaptation, identifying genes for avirulence and other important traits, and studying host-pathogen interactions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Basidiomycota / genetics*
  • Genome, Fungal / genetics*
  • Genomics*
  • Genotype
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Hordeum / microbiology*
  • Phenotype
  • Plant Diseases / microbiology*
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA
  • Triticum / microbiology*