[The respiratory effects of smoking]

Rev Pneumol Clin. 2018 Jun;74(3):133-144. doi: 10.1016/j.pneumo.2018.04.009. Epub 2018 May 22.
[Article in French]

Abstract

A marked increase in the morbidity and mortality of a large number of broncho-pulmonary diseases has been documented in relation to smoking. The influence of tobacco smoking on various respiratory conditions. is discussed: incidence, severity or natural history modification of some respiratory illnesses: obstructive lung diseases (COPD, asthma), lung cancer, bacterial, viral respiratory infections, with the impact of smoking on tuberculosis. Finally, the relationship of tobacco with diffuse interstitial lung disease: protective role of smoking (controversial in sarcoidosis, real in hypersensitivity pneumonitis). The benefits of smoking cessation are described.

Keywords: Asthma; Asthme; BPCO; COPD; Cancer bronchique; Interstitial diseases; Lung; Lung cancer; Maladies interstitielles; Poumon; Smoking; Tabagisme.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / epidemiology
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / etiology
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / prevention & control
  • Lung Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Lung Neoplasms / etiology
  • Lung Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / epidemiology
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / etiology
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / prevention & control
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / epidemiology
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / etiology*
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / prevention & control
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / epidemiology
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / etiology
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / prevention & control
  • Smoking / adverse effects*
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Smoking / therapy
  • Smoking Cessation / methods