Comparative effectiveness of bariatric procedures among adolescents: the PCORnet bariatric study

Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2018 Sep;14(9):1374-1386. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2018.04.002. Epub 2018 Apr 17.


Background: Bariatric surgery has been used for treatment of severe obesity in adolescents but most studies have been small and limited in follow-up.

Objectives: We hypothesized that electronic health record data could be used to compare effectiveness of bariatric procedures in adolescents.

Setting: Data were obtained from clinical research networks using a common data model to extract data from each site.

Methods: Adolescents who underwent a primary bariatric procedure from 2005 through 2015 were identified. The percent change in body mass index (BMI) at 1, 3, and 5 years was estimated using random effects linear regression for patients undergoing all operations. Propensity score adjusted estimates and 95% confidence intervals were estimated for procedures with >25 patients at each time period.

Results: This cohort of 544 adolescents was predominantly female (79%) and White (66%), with mean (±standard deviation) age of 17.3 (±1.6) years and mean BMI of 49.8 (± 7.8) kg/m2. Procedures included Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB; n = 177), sleeve gastrectomy (SG; n = 306), and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (n = 61). For those undergoing RYGB, SG, and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, mean (95% confidence interval) BMI changes of -31% (-30% to -33%), -28% (-27% to -29%), and -10% (-8% to -12%), were estimated at 1 year. For RYGB and SG, BMI changes of -29% (-26% to -33%) and -25% (-22% to -28%) were estimated at 3 years.

Conclusions: Adolescents undergoing SG and RYGB experienced greater declines in BMI at 1- and 3-year follow-up time points, while laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding was significantly less effective for BMI reduction.

Keywords: Adjustable gastric band; Adolescent; Bariatric; Gastric bypass; Outcome; Sleeve gastrectomy.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Bariatric Surgery* / adverse effects
  • Bariatric Surgery* / methods
  • Bariatric Surgery* / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Obesity, Morbid / surgery*
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome