Background: Bariatric surgery has been used for treatment of severe obesity in adolescents but most studies have been small and limited in follow-up.
Objectives: We hypothesized that electronic health record data could be used to compare effectiveness of bariatric procedures in adolescents.
Setting: Data were obtained from clinical research networks using a common data model to extract data from each site.
Methods: Adolescents who underwent a primary bariatric procedure from 2005 through 2015 were identified. The percent change in body mass index (BMI) at 1, 3, and 5 years was estimated using random effects linear regression for patients undergoing all operations. Propensity score adjusted estimates and 95% confidence intervals were estimated for procedures with >25 patients at each time period.
Results: This cohort of 544 adolescents was predominantly female (79%) and White (66%), with mean (±standard deviation) age of 17.3 (±1.6) years and mean BMI of 49.8 (± 7.8) kg/m2. Procedures included Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB; n = 177), sleeve gastrectomy (SG; n = 306), and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (n = 61). For those undergoing RYGB, SG, and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, mean (95% confidence interval) BMI changes of -31% (-30% to -33%), -28% (-27% to -29%), and -10% (-8% to -12%), were estimated at 1 year. For RYGB and SG, BMI changes of -29% (-26% to -33%) and -25% (-22% to -28%) were estimated at 3 years.
Conclusions: Adolescents undergoing SG and RYGB experienced greater declines in BMI at 1- and 3-year follow-up time points, while laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding was significantly less effective for BMI reduction.
Keywords: Adjustable gastric band; Adolescent; Bariatric; Gastric bypass; Outcome; Sleeve gastrectomy.
Copyright © 2018 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.