Symptomatic Recurrent Varicose Veins Due to Primary Avalvular Varicose Anomalies (PAVA): A Previously Unreported Cause of Recurrence

SAGE Open Med Case Rep. 2018 May 17;6:2050313X18777166. doi: 10.1177/2050313X18777166. eCollection 2018.


A 56-year-old woman presented in 2006 with symptomatic primary varicose veins in her right leg. Venous duplex ultrasonography at that time showed what appeared to be "neovascular tissue" around the saphenofemoral junction. However, there had been no previous trauma or surgery in this area. This appearance has subsequently been described as primary avalvular varicose anomalies. She underwent endovenous treatment at that time. In 2018, she presented with symptomatic recurrent varicose veins of the same leg. Venous duplex ultrasonography showed successful ablation of the great saphenous and anterior accessory saphenous veins. All of the recurrent venous reflux was arising from the primary avalvular varicose anomalies. This report shows that primary avalvular varicose anomalies is a previously unreported cause of recurrent varicose veins and leads us to suggest that if found, treatment of the primary avalvular varicose anomalies should be considered at the primary procedure.

Keywords: Varicose veins; endovenous surgery; neovascular; primary avalvular varicose anomalies; recurrent varicose veins.

Publication types

  • Case Reports