Background: The plausible mechanisms regarding the relationship between periodontitis and coronary artery disease (CAD) has long been the focus of studies. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that higher periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) values have positive correlations with increased complete blood parameters in patients with CAD.
Methods: Patients who underwent coronary angiography with a suspicion of CAD between the ages 30 to 75 years were included. Clinical periodontal parameters (probing depth [PD], clinical attachment loss, bleeding on probing) were recorded, and the participants were divided into four groups after the coronary angiography: group 1: CAD (+) with periodontitis (n = 20), group 2: CAD (+) without periodontitis (n = 20), group 3: CAD (-) with periodontitis (n = 21), group 4: CAD (-) without periodontitis (n = 16). Complete blood counts were analyzed regarding the differences and correlations between the investigated parameters.
Results: CAD (+) P (+) individuals had significantly higher platelet distribution width (PDW) values than the other groups (P < 0.0125). Positive lower correlations were found between PISA scores and mean platelet volume (MPV, P = 0.021, rho = 0.264), PISA and PDW (P = 0.240, rho = 0.036) in the whole study group; and moderate correlation between PD and red blood cell distribution width (RDW, P = 0.049, rho = 0.445) in CAD (-) groups with/without periodontitis were found. Age was found to predict CAD with o lower OR (1.17, P < 0.01).
Conclusion: The results of the present study highlight some blood parameters (PDW, RDW, and MPV) in CAD patients with/without periodontitis in terms of the relationship between inflammatory diseases and their significant low and moderate correlations with PISA values.
Keywords: cardiovascular diseases; periodontics; periodontitis.
© 2018 American Academy of Periodontology.