Influence of Time of Yoga Practice and Gender Differences on Blood Glucose Levels in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Normal Healthy Adults

Explore (NY). 2018 Jul-Aug;14(4):283-288. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2017.11.003. Epub 2018 Apr 21.


Background: Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing worldwide. Many studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of yoga in improving glycaemic control, whereas no studies are available showing the impact of time of practice on glucose levels. The current study explores the effect of time of yoga practice on glucose levels in community-dwelling adults with and without T2DM.

Materials and methods: A total of 189 subjects with T2DM and 121 subjects without T2DM underwent a 10-day yoga program which includes practical and theory lecture sessions for 60min every day, either in the morning or evening. Baseline and post-intervention assessments of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) were measured on day-1 and day-10, respectively. Data analysis were done using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), version 16.

Results: Results of the study showed that in individuals with T2DM, a significantly higher reduction in FPG was observed while practicing yoga in the evening sessions than in the morning sessions. Likewise, a significant reduction in FPG was observed only in women who practiced yoga in the evening than in the morning, in non-diabetic healthy individuals, while the reduction was not statistically significant in men.

Conclusion: Results of this study suggest that reduction in FPG level was better while practicing yoga in evening than morning. Similarly, women had a better reduction in blood glucose level than men.

Keywords: Gender; Glucose level; Time of practice; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Yoga.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meditation*
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Yoga*


  • Blood Glucose