Pain is significantly impacted by the increasing epidemic of obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Our understanding of how these features impact pain is only beginning to be developed. Herein, we have investigated how small genetic differences among C57BL/6 mice from 2 different commercial vendors lead to important differences in the development of high-fat diet-induced mechanical sensitivity. Two substrains of C57BL/6 mice from Jackson Laboratories (Bar Harbor, ME; C57BL/6J and C57BL/6NIH), as well as C57BL/6 from Charles Rivers Laboratories (Wilmington, MA; C57BL/6CR) were placed on high-fat diets and analyzed for changes in metabolic features influenced by high-fat diet and obesity, as well as measures of pain-related behaviors. All 3 substrains responded to the high-fat diet; however, C57BL/6CR mice had the highest weights, fat mass, and impaired glucose tolerance of the 3 substrains. In addition, the C57BL/6CR mice were the only strain to develop significant mechanical sensitivity over the course of 8 weeks. Importantly, the C57BL/6J mice were protected from mechanical sensitivity, which may be based on increased physical activity compared with the other 2 substrains. These findings suggest that activity may play a powerful role in protecting metabolic changes associated with a high-fat diet and that these may also be protective in pain-associated changes as a result of a high-fat diet. These findings also emphasize the importance of selection and transparency in choosing C57BL/6 substrains in pain-related research. PERSPECTIVE: Obesity and the metabolic syndrome play an important role in pain. This study identifies key differences in the response to a high-fat diet among substrains of C57BL/6 mice and differences in intrinsic physical activity that may influence pain sensitivity. The results emphasize physical activity as a powerful modulator of obesity-related pain sensitivity.
Keywords: C57BL/6; Pain; diet; insulin resistance; metabolism; obesity.
Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.