Patient and health system factors associated with hospital readmission in older adults without cognitive impairment

Gen Hosp Psychiatry. Jul-Aug 2018;53:44-51. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2018.05.003. Epub 2018 May 4.

Abstract

Objective: To study the factors associated with hospital readmission.

Methods: Data used in this study came from a population-based survey of older adults without cognitive impairment. Cox regression was used to assess the factors associated with readmission within a 2-year follow-up period. According to Andersen's model of healthcare seeking behavior, study variables considered included predisposing, enabling and need factors at the individual and health system levels.

Results: Of the 433 participants with an index hospitalization, 97% were discharged with a physical and 3% with a psychiatric disorder. During follow-up, 29% (128/433) were readmitted with a median time to readmission reaching 83 days. The risk of readmission was associated with the following: age, marital status, attraction index of the region of residence for psychiatric services, the presence of an anxio-depressive and other mental disorder, as well as a disorder of the musculoskeletal system. The presence of a physical and psychiatric comorbidity was also associated with readmission.

Conclusions: Post-discharge follow-up of vulnerable populations with a history of mental disorders and improved availability of psychiatric services in the community are associated with a reduced risk of readmission.

Keywords: Comorbidity; Health system; Older adults; Patient factors; Physical disorders; Psychiatric disorders; Readmission.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders* / epidemiology
  • Mental Disorders* / therapy
  • Patient Readmission / statistics & numerical data*
  • Quebec / epidemiology