Effect of photobiomodulation therapy on oxidative stress markers of gastrocnemius muscle of diabetic rats subjected to high-intensity exercise

Lasers Med Sci. 2018 Nov;33(8):1781-1790. doi: 10.1007/s10103-018-2540-7. Epub 2018 May 28.


This study aimed to determine whether photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) in diabetic rats subjected to high-intensity exercise interferes with the expression of the oxidative stress marker in the gastrocnemius muscle. Twenty-four male Wistar rats were included in this study comprising 16 diabetic and eight control rats. The animals were allocated into three groups-control, diabetic fatigue, and diabetic PBMT fatigue groups. Diabetes was induced via the intraperitoneal administration of streptozotocin (50 mg/kg). We subsequently assessed blood lactate levels and PBMT. The animals of the diabetic fatigue group PBMT were irradiated before the beginning of the exercises, with dose of 4 J and 808 nm, were submitted to treadmill running with speed and gradual slope until exhaustion, as observed by the maximum volume of oxygen and lactate level. The animals were euthanized and muscle tissue was removed for analysis of SOD markers, including catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBARS) reactive substances. CAT, SOD, and GPx activities were significantly higher in the diabetic PBMT fatigue group (p < 0.05) than in the diabetic fatigue group. Outcomes for the diabetic PBMT fatigue group were similar to those of the control group (p > 0.05), while their antioxidant enzymes were significantly higher than those of the diabetic fatigue group. PBMT mitigated the TBARS concentration (p > 0.05). PBMT may reduce oxidative stress and be an alternative method of maintaining physical fitness when subjects are unable to perform exercise. However, this finding requires further testing in clinical studies.

Keywords: High-intensity exercise; Oxidative stress; Photobiomodulation therapy; Type 1 diabetes.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomarkers / metabolism*
  • Catalase / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / metabolism*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / radiotherapy*
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / metabolism
  • Lactic Acid / blood
  • Low-Level Light Therapy / methods*
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / pathology*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Oxidative Stress*
  • Physical Conditioning, Animal*
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Running
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances / metabolism


  • Biomarkers
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
  • Lactic Acid
  • Catalase
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Superoxide Dismutase