Stimulated neutrophils produce several potent oxidants including H2O2, O2- and HOCl. Previous studies have revealed all of these compounds to be capable of oxidizing luminol, a reagent often used to indicate, by its chemiluminescence, the oxidative burst of neutrophils. Data presented in this paper indicate that H2O2 and HOCl spontaneously react at physiologic pH to produce luminol-dependent chemiluminescence 100 times the sum of the chemiluminescence of either reagent alone. This enhancement is due to a co-oxidation by HOCl and H2O2, or to a novel oxidant generated by the interaction of HOCl and H2O2. The HOCl scavenger, taurine, inhibits the chemiluminescence. Evidence is presented against the participation of hydroxyl radical, O2- or singlet oxygen in the oxidation of luminol by HOCl and H2O2. These findings have implications for potential anti-inflammatory compounds.