The effects of two drugs acting at the peripheral type benzodiazepine binding sites, PK 11195 and RO5-4864, were examined in shock-induced suppression of drinking in rats. These two compounds have opposite effects : RO5-4864 (3.1-1205 mg/kg i.p.) enhanced whereas PK 11195 (25-50 mg/kg i.p.) decreased the punished responding, and PK 11195 (6.25 mg/kg, a dose which did not alter the punished responding) blocked the proconflict action of RO5-4864 (6.25 and 12.5 mg/kg). The effects of RO5-4864 and PK 11195 were not antagonized by RO15-1788, a selective antagonist of the central benzodiazepine site. In addition, PK 11195 (6.25 mg/kg) did not reverse the proconflict effect of two beta-carbolines : beta-CEE and FG 7142. AS picrotoxin did not change the punished responding, these data imply that the effects of RO5-4864 and PK 11195 on the one hand and those of chlordiazepoxide and beta-carbolines on the other hand are differentially mediated and suggest that the peripheral type benzodiazepine binding sites are involved in this conflict model.