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. 2018;51(8):e7129.
doi: 10.1590/1414-431x20187129. Epub 2018 May 28.

Anethole Reduces Oxidative Stress and Improves in Vitro Survival and Activation of Primordial Follicles

Free PMC article

Anethole Reduces Oxidative Stress and Improves in Vitro Survival and Activation of Primordial Follicles

N A R Sá et al. Braz J Med Biol Res. .
Free PMC article


Primordial follicles, the main source of oocytes in the ovary, are essential for the maintenance of fertility throughout the reproductive lifespan. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reports describing the effect of anethole on this important ovarian follicle population. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of different anethole concentrations on the in vitro culture of caprine preantral follicles enclosed in ovarian tissue. Randomized ovarian fragments were fixed immediately (non-cultured treatment) or distributed into five treatments: α-MEM+ (cultured control), α-MEM+ supplemented with ascorbic acid at 50 μg/mL (AA), and anethole at 30 (AN30), 300 (AN300), or 2000 µg/mL (AN2000), for 1 or 7 days. After 7 days of culture, a significantly higher percentage of morphologically normal follicles was observed when anethole at 2000 μg/mL was used. For both culture times, a greater percentage of growing follicles was observed with the AN30 treatment compared to AA and AN2000 treatments. Anethole at 30 and 2000 µg/mL concentrations at days 1 and 7 of culture resulted in significantly larger follicular diameter than in the cultured control treatment. Anethole at 30 µg/mL concentration at day 7 showed significantly greater oocyte diameter than the other treatments, except when compared to the AN2000 treatment. At day 7 of culture, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were significantly lower in the AN30 treatment than the other treatments. In conclusion, supplementation of culture medium with anethole improves survival and early follicle development at different concentrations in the caprine species.


Figure 1.
Figure 1.. Distribution of PCNA immunoreactivity. A, absent, B, weak (<50%), or C, strong (>50%) in cells in the ovary by immunohistochemistry method. Bars=50 μm.
Figure 2.
Figure 2.. Morphologic aspects of preantral follicles after 7 days of culture in 30 µg/mL anethole treatment. A, normal follicle, B and C, abnormal follicles. Bars=50 µm.

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