Next-generation sequencing of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) is attracting increased attention from a wide variety of research fields. Accordingly, various methods are actively being tested for the efficient adaptor-tagging of ssDNA. We conceived a novel chemo-enzymatic method termed terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-assisted, copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC)-mediated ssDNA ligation (TCS ligation). In this method, TdT is used to incorporate a single 3'-azide-modified dideoxyribonucleotide onto the 3'-end of target ssDNA, followed by CuAAC-mediated click ligation of the azide-incorporated 3'-end to a 5'-ethynylated synthetic adaptor. This report presents the first proof-of-principle application of TCS ligation with its use in the preparation of a next-generation sequencing library.