Translation and Validation of a Wound-specific, Quality-of-life Instrument (The Wound-QoL) in a Swedish Population

Ostomy Wound Manage. 2018 May;64(5):40-46.


Hard-to-heal wounds can compromise patient quality of life (QoL); thus, assessing QoL is an important aspect of wound management. The aim of this study, conducted from August 2015 to July 2016, was to translate a wound-specific instrument, the Wound-QoL, into the Swedish language and context and validate its ability to assess QoL in a population of patients with wounds of various etiologies. The Wound-QoL, derived from 3 existing wound care QoL instruments, is a paper-and-pencil tool comprised of 17 Likert-style questions addressing 3 categories (Body, Psyche, and Everyday Life) to provide a global score. The instrument was translated into Swedish and its psychometric properties (reliability, validity, responsiveness, and ceiling and floor effect) were tested in a convenience sample of 88 Swedish outpatients (64 men [73%], mean age 67 [range 27-96] years) with hard-to-heal wounds (mean duration 10 months) of varying etiologies. Participants completed the questionnaires at baseline in the beginning of the study and at 6 weeks; they also had the opportunity to comment on the questionnaire. Reliability was analyzed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient (0.70 or higher was considered acceptable). Criterion validity was examined using a generic European QoL instrument, considered the gold standard, as the comparator. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed for presentation of the demographic and wound variables. Standardized response mean was used to assess internal responsiveness. All tests were 2-sided with 95% confidence interval; the results were considered significant at P <.05. QoL scores of the study population in the different domains measured with the Wound-QoL instrument varied from 1.11 to 1.72. Reliability was excellent, with internal consistency of 0.78-0.92 and test-retest stability of 0.80-0.88; standardized response mean showed small to moderate sensitivity; and validity was found to be slightly moderate to moderate. No signs of ceiling or floor effect could be detected. The Swedish version of the Wound-QoL instrument was found to be a reliable and valid tool for measuring health-related QoL in patients with hard-to-heal wounds in Sweden and demonstrated the potential to be used in a clinical setting to detect QoL issues during wound treatment. Further psychometric studies need to be performed to validate the instrument in patient groups with acute wounds, with different wound treatments, and for patients treated in nonspecialized wound care settings such as home care.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Perception*
  • Psychometrics / instrumentation
  • Psychometrics / methods
  • Psychometrics / standards*
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden
  • Wound Healing*