We encountered 2 patients with symptomatic huge simple renal cysts. In case 1, 4,000 mL of cyst fluid was drained via a catheter, but intracystic bleeding occurred immediately afterwards. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) was performed, after which the bleeding stopped, and cyst drainage was repeated successfully. After 2 years, the total cyst volume was reduced from 11,775 mL to 75.4 mL. In case 2, TAE was performed prophylactically before drainage. Subsequently, 9,400 mL of fluid was removed from multiple cysts. After 1 year, the total cyst volume was reduced from 9,215 mL to 633 mL without bleeding. Based on these 2 cases, prophylactic TAE before drainage may be useful in patients with huge renal cysts.
Keywords: Cyst drainage; Simple renal cyst; Transcatheter arterial embolization.