Evaluating utility and compliance in a patient-based eHealth study using continuous-time heart rate and activity trackers

J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 Oct 1;25(10):1386-1391. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocy067.


Telemedicine has been used to remotely diagnose and treat patients, yet previously applied telemonitoring approaches have been fraught with adherence issues. The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the adherence rates using a consumer-grade continuous-time heart rate and activity tracker in a mid-risk cardiovascular patient population. As a secondary analysis, we show the ability to utilize the information provided by this device to identify information about a patient's state by correlating tracker information with patient-reported outcome survey scores. We showed that using continuous-time activity trackers with heart rate monitors can be effective in a telemonitoring application, as patients had a high level of adherence (90.0% median usage) and low attrition (0.09% decrease per day) over a 90-day period. Furthermore, data collected correlated significantly with clinically relevant patient surveys (r2=0.15 for PROMIS global health scores, p < .00001), and therefore might provide an effective signal for identifying patients in need of intervention.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accelerometry / instrumentation
  • Exercise
  • Fitness Trackers*
  • Heart Rate*
  • Humans
  • Monitoring, Physiologic / instrumentation*
  • Myocardial Ischemia / physiopathology*
  • Patient Compliance
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  • Self Care
  • Telemedicine*