Comparative Analysis of Single-Walled and Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Electrochemical Sensing of Glucose on Gold Printed Circuit Boards

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2018 Sep 1;90:273-279. doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2018.04.072. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Abstract

In the present work, a comparative study was performed between single-walled carbon nanotubes and multi-walled carbon nanotubes coated gold printed circuit board electrodes for glucose detection. Various characterization techniques were demonstrated in order to compare the modified electrodes viz. cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and chrono-amperometry. Results revealed that single-walled carbon nanotubes outperformed multi-walled carbon nanotubes and proved to be a better sensing interface for glucose detection. The single-walled carbon nanotubes coated gold printed circuit board electrodes showed a wide linear sensing range (1 mM to 100 mM) with detection limit of 0.1 mM with response time of 5 s while multi-walled carbon nanotubes coated printed circuit board gold electrodes showed linear sensing range (1 mM to 100 mM) with detection limit of 0.1 mM with response time of 5 s. This work provided low cost sensors with enhanced sensitivity, fast response time and reliable results for glucose detection which increased the affordability of such tests in remote areas. In addition, the comparative results confirmed that single-walled carbon nanotubes modified electrodes can be exploited for better amplification signal as compared to multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

Keywords: Carbon nanotubes; Cyclic voltammetry; Electrochemical; Glucose; Sensor; Spectroscopy.

MeSH terms

  • Electrochemical Techniques / methods*
  • Electrodes
  • Gold / chemistry*
  • Metal Nanoparticles / chemistry*
  • Nanotubes, Carbon / chemistry*

Substances

  • Nanotubes, Carbon
  • Gold