Objective: Investigate the association between infliximab trough levels and quality of life in inflammatory bowel disease patients in maintenance therapy.
Methods: We carried out a transversal study with inflammatory bowel disease patients in infliximab maintenance therapy. Infliximab trough levels were determined using a quantitative rapid test. Disease activity indices (partial Mayo Score and Harvey-Bradshaw Index) and endoscopic scores (endoscopic Mayo Score or Simple Endoscopic Score in Crohn's disease) were obtained. Quality of life was assessed using the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ).
Results: Seventy-one consecutive subjects were included in the study (55 with Crohn's disease and 16 with ulcerative colitis). Drug levels were considered satisfactory (≥3 μg/mL) in 28 patients (39.4%) and unsatisfactory (<3 μg/mL) in 43 (60.6%). Satisfactory trough levels were associated with higher rates of clinical remission and mucosal healing. Higher trough levels were also associated with improved IBDQ scores, particularly regarding bowel symptoms, systemic function, and social function.
Conclusion: Satisfactory trough levels of infliximab were associated with higher rates of clinical remission, mucosal healing, and improved quality of life in inflammatory bowel disease patients on maintenance therapy.