Experimental studies on preparation of the porous and small-diameter poly(ε-caprolactone) external vascular scaffold and its degradability and biocompatibility

Regen Med Res. 2018;6:2. doi: 10.1051/rmr/180001. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Abstract

Aim: This study was aim to prepare a porous poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) biodegradable external vascular scaffold by dipping and leaching method, and to assess its mechanical property, degradability and biocompatibility.

Methods: We used the PCL-1, PCL-2 as the raw materials and NaCl particles as the pore-forming agents to construct a porous PCL external vascular scaffold. We tested the mechanical property of the porous PCL external vascular scaffold. The degradability of the scaffold was studied in the presence of thermomyces lanuginosus lipase (TL lipase). After 1, 3, and 5, 7 days, the samples were taken out, and the pH of the media was measured. The form-stability of the scaffold was investigated by macroscopic observation and the microstructure of it was observed by SEM. The cytotoxicity of the scaffold was evaluated by CCK-8 assay.

Results: PCL-1 could make a white integrated external vascular scaffold with uniform texture. When the concentration of NaCl was less than or equal to 50%, the tensile strength of the porous PCL-1 external vascular scaffolds were higher than 4.2 Mpa, which meet the demand of clinical vascular transplantation. With the degradation of the scaffold in the lipase media, the form-stability of the scaffold was seriously destroyed, the surface of the scaffold began to degrade with some honeycomb holes, and the pH of the media values were lower than the initial reading of 7.4. Rat adipose-derived stem cells (rADSCs) cultured in the extractions of the porous PCL external vascular scaffold had good proliferation and cell morphology compared to the control group.

Conclusion: The porous PCL-1-50 external vascular scaffold, with the 50% concentration of NaCl, had the maximum porosity on the basis of enough mechanical strength which meets the demand of clinical vascular transplantation. Moreover, it had good biocompatibility with rADSCs and the degradation mechanism of the scaffold was surface degradation.