Smartphone Delivery of a Hope Intervention: Another Way to Flourish

PLoS One. 2018 Jun 1;13(6):e0197930. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0197930. eCollection 2018.


Positive interventions have shown promise for fostering hedonic (happiness) and eudaimonic (flourishing) well-being. However, few studies have focused on positive interventions that target hope as a means of increasing well-being, and none have examined the use of smartphone app-based systems for delivering interventions in the moments and contexts of daily life-an approach called ecological momentary intervention (EMI). We conducted a quasi-experimental pilot study using a pretest and posttest design to examine the feasibility and potential impact of a mobile app-based hope EMI. Participants appeared to engage with the intervention and found the experience to be user-friendly, helpful, and enjoyable. Relative to the control group, those receiving the intervention demonstrated significantly greater increases in hope; however, there were no between-group differences in hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. The authors recommend future research to examine the potential of EMI mobile apps to cultivate hope and promote flourishing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Hope*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mobile Applications*
  • Philosophy*
  • Young Adult

Grant support

This study was supported by an endowed grant that was funded by the Lilly Foundation, which is a not-profit organization. The Lilly Foundation provided a scholarship fund for use by faculty at Indiana Wesleyan University. The Lilly Foundation had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.