Staphylococcus aureus

Pediatr Rev. 2018 Jun;39(6):287-298. doi: 10.1542/pir.2017-0224.


Staphylococcus aureus is a bacterium that can cause a variety of illnesses through suppurative or nonsuppurative (toxin-mediated) means. S aureus is a common cause of skin and skin structure infections as well as osteoarticular infections in the pediatric population. S aureus is also identified in cases of septicemia, infective endocarditis, pneumonia, ocular infections, and central nervous system infections. To design appropriate empirical therapy, pediatricians should be knowledgeable about the resistance patterns of S aureus in their communities, including methicillin and clindamycin resistance. This article reviews the microbiology, colonization and transmission, and antibiotic resistance of and clinical diseases caused by S aureus.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Child
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Staphylococcal Infections / diagnosis*
  • Staphylococcal Infections / drug therapy
  • Staphylococcus aureus*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents