Galactolipase activity of Talaromyces thermophilus lipase on galactolipid micelles, monomolecular films and UV-absorbing surface-coated substrate

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids. 2018 Sep;1863(9):1006-1015. doi: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2018.05.016. Epub 2018 May 30.


Talaromyces thermophilus lipase (TTL) was found to hydrolyze monogalactosyl diacylglycerol (MGDG) and digalactosyl diacylglycerol (DGDG) substrates presented in various forms to the enzyme. Different assay techniques were used for each substrate: pHstat with dioctanoyl galactolipid-bile salt mixed micelles, barostat with dilauroyl galactolipid monomolecular films spread at the air-water interface, and UV absorption using a novel MGDG substrate containing α-eleostearic acid as chromophore and coated on microtiter plates. The kinetic properties of TTL were compared to those of the homologous lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus (TLL), guinea pig pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 and Fusarium solani cutinase. TTL was found to be the most active galactolipase, with a higher activity on micelles than on monomolecular films or surface-coated MGDG. Nevertheless, the UV absorption assay with coated MGDG was highly sensitive and allowed measuring significant activities with about 10 ng of enzymes, against 100 ng to 10 μg with the pHstat. TTL showed longer lag times than TLL for reaching steady state kinetics of hydrolysis with monomolecular films or surface-coated MGDG. These findings and 3D-modelling of TTL based on the known structure of TLL pointed out to two phenylalanine to leucine substitutions in TTL, that could be responsible for its slower adsorption at lipid-water interface. TTL was found to be more active on MGDG than on DGDG using both galactolipid-bile salt mixed micelles and galactolipid monomolecular films. These later experiments suggest that the second galactose on galactolipid polar head impairs the enzyme adsorption on its aggregated substrate.

Keywords: Enzyme assay; Galactolipase; Galactolipid; In silico docking; Lipase; Monomolecular films.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Air / analysis
  • Animals
  • Bile Acids and Salts / chemistry
  • Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases / chemistry
  • Enzyme Assays
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry*
  • Fusarium / chemistry
  • Fusarium / enzymology
  • Galactolipids / chemistry*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Hydrolysis
  • Kinetics
  • Linolenic Acids / chemistry
  • Lipase / chemistry*
  • Micelles
  • Models, Molecular
  • Protein Conformation, alpha-Helical
  • Protein Conformation, beta-Strand
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Surface Properties
  • Talaromyces / chemistry*
  • Talaromyces / enzymology
  • Ultraviolet Rays
  • Water / chemistry


  • Bile Acids and Salts
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Galactolipids
  • Linolenic Acids
  • Micelles
  • digalactosyldiacylglycerol
  • monogalactosyldiacylglycerol
  • Water
  • eleostearic acid
  • Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases
  • cutinase
  • Lipase