Iliac Vein Stent Placement: Acute Venographic Changes and Relevance to Venous Biomechanics

J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2018 Jul;29(7):1023-1027. doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2018.02.031. Epub 2018 May 30.


Purpose: To describe acute venographic changes of external iliac vein (EIV) after ipsilateral common iliac vein (CIV) stent placement.

Materials and methods: Retrospective review was performed of 17 cases with placement of a single CIV stent. Central CIV stent diameter and minimal ipsilateral EIV diameter were measured on venogram; vein diameter was measured at the same 2 anatomic locations on venogram obtained before intervention. Relative CIV diameter increase was defined as the ratio of change in central CIV diameter after stent placement to CIV diameter before intervention. Relative EIV diameter reduction was defined as the ratio of change in diameter of EIV after stent deployment in CIV to EIV diameter before intervention. Diameters before and after intervention were compared using a 2-tailed, paired sample t test. Pearson coefficient was calculated for correlations.

Results: There was a significant reduction of EIV diameter after ipsilateral CIV stent placement compared with before stent placement (mean 9.3 mm ± 3.1 vs 11.9 mm ± 3.8; P < .01); mean decrease in EIV diameter was 21.7% ± 15.8. There was a correlation between relative CIV diameter increase and relative EIV diameter reduction (r = .8917).

Conclusions: Significant venographic narrowing of the EIV occurs after placement of an adjacent CIV stent, and the degree of narrowing is associated with the relative increase in CIV diameter. These findings may be explained by the inherent anisotropic elasticity of veins. Further study is warranted to guide future venous interventions.

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Elasticity
  • Endovascular Procedures / instrumentation*
  • Humans
  • Iliac Vein / diagnostic imaging*
  • Iliac Vein / physiopathology
  • Phlebography*
  • Postthrombotic Syndrome / diagnostic imaging
  • Postthrombotic Syndrome / etiology
  • Postthrombotic Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stents*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Venous Thrombosis / complications
  • Venous Thrombosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Venous Thrombosis / physiopathology
  • Venous Thrombosis / therapy*