Energy generation is a promising area of drug discovery for both bacterial pathogens and parasites. Type II NADH dehydrogenase (NDH-2), a vital respiratory membrane protein, has attracted attention as a target for the development of new antitubercular and antimalarial agents. To date, however, no potent, specific inhibitors have been identified. Here, we performed a site-directed screening technique, tethering-fragment based drug discovery, against wild-type and mutant forms of NDH-2 containing engineered active-site cysteines. Inhibitory fragments displayed IC50 values between 3 and 110 μM against NDH-2 mutants. Possible binding poses were investigated by in silico modelling, providing a basis for optimisation of fragment binding and improved potency against NDH-2.
Keywords: Antimicrobial resistance; Fragment-based drug discovery; Membrane protein; NDH-2; Pathogens; Respiration.
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