Integration of the Opportunity-Ability-Motivation behavior change framework into a coaching-based WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist program in India

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2018 Sep;142(3):321-328. doi: 10.1002/ijgo.12542. Epub 2018 Jun 20.


Objective: To evaluate whether integration of the Opportunity-Ability-Motivation plus Supplies (OAMS) framework into coaching improved the delivery of essential birth practices in a low-resource setting.

Methods: This prospective mixed-methods study used routine coaching visit data obtained from the first eight intervention facilities of the BetterBirth trial in Uttar Pradesh, India, between December 19, 2014, and October 21, 2015. The 8-month intervention was peer coaching that integrated the OAMS framework to support uptake of the WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist. Descriptive statistics were used to measure nonadherence to essential birth practices. The frequency and accuracy of coaches' coding of barriers and the appropriateness of chosen resolution strategies to measure feasibility, acceptability, and fidelity of using OAMS, were assessed.

Results: Coaches observed 666 deliveries, including 12 602 practices. Overall, essential practice nonadherence decreased from 15.6% (262/1675 practices observed) to 4.5% (4/88 practices) (P<0.001). Of the 1048 barriers identified, opportunity (556 [53.1%]) and motivation (287 [27.4%]) were the most frequently reported categories; the frequency of both decreased over time (P=0.003 and P<0.001, respectively). The coaches appropriately categorized 930 (99.8%) of 932 barriers and provided an appropriate strategy for 800 (85.8%). The commonest reason for unaddressed barriers was lack of coaching opportunities.

Conclusion: Successful integration of OAMS framework into delivery attendant coaching enabled coaches to rapidly diagnose barriers to practice adherence and develop responsive strategies. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV: NCT2148952 (WHO Universal Trial Number: U11111-1315-647).

Trial registration: NCT02148952.

Keywords: Behavior change; Childbirth; Coaching; Facility-based delivery; India; Opportunity-Ability-Motivation framework; Quality of care; WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Checklist
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India
  • Mentoring
  • Motivation
  • Parturition / psychology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Prospective Studies

Associated data