Aim: To determine whether non-steroidal mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists oppose metabolic syndrome-related end-organ, i.e. cardiac, damage.
Materials and methods: In Zucker fa/fa rats, a rat model of metabolic syndrome, we assessed the effects of the non-steroidal MR antagonist finerenone (oral 2 mg/kg/day) on left ventricular (LV) function, haemodynamics and remodelling (using echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging and biochemical methods).
Results: Long-term (90 days) finerenone modified neither systolic blood pressure nor heart rate, but reduced LV end-diastolic pressure and LV end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship, without modifying LV end-systolic pressure and LV end-systolic pressure-volume relationship. Simultaneously, long-term finerenone reduced both LV systolic and diastolic diameters, associated with reductions in LV weight and LV collagen density, while proteinuria and renal nGAL expression were reduced. Short-term (7 days) finerenone improved LV haemodynamics and reduced LV systolic diameter, without modifying LV diastolic diameter. Moreover, short-term finerenone increased myocardial tissue perfusion and reduced myocardial reactive oxygen species, while plasma nitrite levels, an indicator of nitric oxide (NO) bio-availability, were increased.
Conclusions: In rats with metabolic syndrome, the non-steroidal MR antagonist finerenone opposed metabolic syndrome-related diastolic cardiac dysfunction and nephropathy. This involved acute effects, such as improved myocardial perfusion, reduced oxidative stress/increased NO bioavailability, as well as long-term effects, such as modifications in the myocardial structure.
Keywords: animal pharmacology; cardiovascular disease; diabetes complications; drug development; experimental pharmacology; type 2 diabetes.
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.