Can a smoking ban save your heart?

Health Econ. 2018 Oct;27(10):1435-1449. doi: 10.1002/hec.3778. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

Abstract

This paper evaluates the causal effect of environmental tobacco exposure on health by exploiting the time and geographical variation in public-place smoking bans implemented in Switzerland between 2007 and 2011. We use administrative data on hospitalizations for acute myocardial infarction, which allow to measure the short-run effects of the policy on an objective metric of health. We show that the incidence of acute myocardial infarction decreases by approximately 8% immediately after implementation of the law with large heterogeneity across regions. Our results indicate that the policy was effective in reducing the negative externality of smoking with potential spillovers on health inequality.

Keywords: AMI; ETS; health inequality; smoking ban.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Health Policy / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology*
  • Sex Factors
  • Smoke-Free Policy / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Smoking / adverse effects*
  • Smoking Prevention
  • Switzerland / epidemiology
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / adverse effects*
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / legislation & jurisprudence

Substances

  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution