miRNA editing landscape reveals miR-34c regulated spermatogenesis through structure and target change in pig and mouse

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2018 Aug 25;502(4):486-492. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.05.197. Epub 2018 Jun 5.


Spermatogenesis has a close relationship with male infertility. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play crucial roles in their regulation of target genes during spermatogenesis. A huge dataset of high-throughput sequencing all over the world provides the basis to dig the cryptic molecular mechanism. But how to take advantage of the big data and unearth the miRNA regulation is still a challenging problem. Here we integrated transcriptome of spermatogenesis and found miRNA regulate spermatogenesis through miRNA editing. We then compared different species and found that the distributions of miRNA editing site number and editing types among different cell types during spermatogenesis are conservative. Interesting, we further found that nearly half of the editing events occurred in the seed region in both mouse and pig. Finally, we foundmiR-34c, which is edited frequently at all stages during spermatogenesis, regulates its target genes through the RNA structure changing and shows dysfunction when it is edited. Summary, we depicted the overall profile of miRNA editing during spermatogenesis in mouse and pig and reveal miR-34c may play its roles through miRNA editing.

Keywords: Conservative; Integrative transcriptome; Motif; RNA editing; Spermatogenesis; miR-34c.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Azoospermia / genetics
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Infertility, Male / genetics
  • Male
  • Mice
  • MicroRNAs / genetics*
  • RNA Editing*
  • Species Specificity
  • Spermatogenesis / genetics*
  • Swine


  • MIRN34a microRNA, mouse
  • MicroRNAs