Background: Cyst growth of BD-IPMNs on follow-up imaging remains a concerning sign.
Aims: To describe cyst size changes over time in BD-IPMNs, and determine whether cyst growth rate is associated with increased risk of malignancy.
Methods: This is a retrospective study performed at two high volume tertiary centers. Mean cyst size at baseline (MCSB) and mean growth rate percentage (MGRP) were calculated. Rapid cyst growth was defined as MGRP ≥30%/year. Patient and cyst related characteristics were studied.
Results: 160 patients were followed for a median of 27.4 (12-114.5) months. MCSB was 15.1 ± 8.0 mm. During follow-up, 73 (45.6%) showed any cyst size increase, of which 15 cysts (9.4%) exhibited MGRP ≥30%/year. Rapid cyst growth was not associated with patient or cyst characteristics. Cyst fluid molecular analysis from 101 cysts showed KRAS mutation in 26. Compared to KRAS-negative cysts, neither MCSB (16.0 mm vs. 17.7 mm; p = 0.3) nor MGRP (3.9%/year vs. 5.8%/year; p = 0.7) was significantly different. Eighteen patients underwent surgery; 15 (83%) had LGD, and 3 had advanced neoplasia. Two cysts with LGD and one cyst with advanced neoplasia had MGRP ≥30%/year.
Conclusion: Increase in BD-IPMNs size was not associated with the known high risk patient or cyst-related characteristics. Rapid growth of BD-IPMNs was not associated with advanced neoplasia on surgical pathology.
Keywords: Branch-duct IPMN (BD-IPMN); CT; Cyst growth rate; Dysplasia; Endoscopic ultrasound; MRI; Molecular analysis; Neoplasia.
Copyright © 2018 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.