Safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of E6201 in patients with advanced solid tumours, including melanoma: results of a phase 1 study

Br J Cancer. 2018 Jun;118(12):1580-1585. doi: 10.1038/s41416-018-0099-5. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Abstract

Background: This phase 1 first-in-human study aimed to determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities, and safety of E6201, and to establish recommended dosing in patients with advanced solid tumours, expanded to advanced melanoma.

Methods: Part A (dose escalation): sequential cohorts received E6201 intravenously (IV) over 30 min (once-weekly [qw; days (D)1 + 8 + 15 of a 28-day cycle]), starting at 20 mg/m2, increasing to 720 mg/m2 or the MTD. Part B (expansion): patients with BRAF-mutated or wild-type (WT) melanoma received E6201 320 mg/m2 IV over 60 minutes qw (D1 + 8 + 15 of a 28-day cycle) or 160 mg/m2 IV twice-weekly (D1 + 4 + 8 + 11 + 15 + 18 of a 28-day cycle; BRAF-mutated only).

Results: MTD in Part A (n = 25) was 320 mg/m2 qw, confirmed in Part B (n = 30). Adverse events included QT prolongation (n = 4) and eye disorders (n = 3). E6201 exposure was dose-related, with PK characterised by extensive distribution and fast elimination. One patient achieved PR during Part A (BRAF-mutated papillary thyroid cancer; 480 mg/m2 qw) and three during Part B (2 BRAF-mutated melanoma; 1 BRAF-WT melanoma; all receiving 320 mg/m2 qw).

Conclusions: An intermittent regimen of E6201 320 mg/m2 IV qw for the first 3 weeks of a 28-day cycle was feasible and reasonably well-tolerated in patients with advanced solid tumours, including melanoma with brain metastases, with evidence of clinical efficacy.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Lactones / administration & dosage*
  • Lactones / adverse effects
  • Lactones / pharmacokinetics*
  • Male
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose
  • Melanoma / drug therapy*
  • Melanoma / metabolism*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasms / metabolism*

Substances

  • 14-(ethylamino)-8,9,16-trihydroxy-3,4-dimethyl-3,4,9,19-tetrahydro-1H-2-benzoxacyclotetradecine-1,7(8H)-dione
  • Lactones