We evaluated the efficacy of everolimus in 3 patients who had huge renal angiomyolipomas associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Two patients with large lipid-rich angiomyolipomas had a history of renal transarterial embolization for renal bleeding, but the effect had only been temporary and the embolized kidneys had continued to enlarge. In case 1, case 2, and case 3, total renal volume was respectively 3,891, 4,035, and 1,179 cm3 before administration of everolimus, decreasing to 3,016 (77%), 3,043 (75%), and 1,051 (89%) cm3 after 1 year of everolimus therapy and to 2,832 (73%), 3,209 (80%), and 1,102 (93%) cm3 after 3 years. New renal bleeding did not occur, but elevation of serum creatinine and urinary protein were noted in 2 patients. While previous reports have largely assessed the effect of everolimus for angiomyolipomas of < 10 cm in the longest diameter, our findings suggest that this drug might also be effective for huge lesions of > 20 cm in diameter. However, total renal volume still exceeds 2,000 cm3 in 2 of our patients, suggesting limited size reduction of lipid-rich angiomyolipomas. In addition, occurrence of everolimus-related nephropathy needs to be monitored carefully.
Keywords: Angiomyolipoma; Everolimus; Tuberous sclerosis complex.