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. 2018 May 8;9:180.
doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00180. eCollection 2018.

Effect of Yoga Based Lifestyle Intervention on Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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Free PMC article

Effect of Yoga Based Lifestyle Intervention on Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Singh Deepeshwar et al. Front Psychiatry. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effect of integrated approach of yoga therapy (IAYT) intervention in individual with knee Osteoarthritis. Design: Randomized controlled clincial trail. Participants: Sixty-six individual prediagnosed with knee osteoarthritis aged between 30 and 75 years were randomized into two groups, i.e., Yoga (n = 31) and Control (n = 35). Yoga group received IAYT intervention for 1 week at yoga center of S-VYASA whereas Control group maintained their normal lifestyle. Outcome measures: The Falls Efficacy Scale (FES), Handgrip Strength test (left hand LHGS and right hand RHGS), Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), Sit-to-Stand (STS), and right & left extension and flexion were measured on day 1 and day 7. Results: There were a significant reduction in TUG (p < 0.001), Right (p < 0.001), and Left Flexion (p < 0.001) whereas significant improvements in LHGS (p < 0.01), and right extension (p < 0.05) & left extension (p < 0.001) from baseline in Yoga group. Conclusion: IAYT practice showed an improvement in TUG, STS, HGS, and Goniometer test, which suggest improved muscular strength, flexibility, and functional mobility. CTRI Registration Number: http://ctri.nic.in/Clinicaltrials, identifier CTRI/2017/10/010141.

Keywords: falls efficacy scale (FES); goniometer; handgrip strength (HGS); integrative approach of yoga therapy (IAYT); knee osteoarthritis.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
CONSORT Flow diagram of study participants.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Comparison between yoga and control groups after intervention. (A) Time Up and Go Test(TUG) and Sit To Stand (STS). (B) Right and left extension assessed with Goniometer. (C) Right and left flexion assessed with Goniometer. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01.

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