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Review
. 2018 Aug 9;54(65):8944-8959.
doi: 10.1039/c8cc03844a.

Synthetic Approaches to Construct Viral Capsid-Like Spherical Nanomaterials

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Review

Synthetic Approaches to Construct Viral Capsid-Like Spherical Nanomaterials

Kazunori Matsuura. Chem Commun (Camb). .

Abstract

This feature article describes recent progress in synthetic strategies to construct viral capsid-like spherical nanomaterials using the self-assembly of peptides and/or proteins. By mimicking the self-assembly of spherical viral capsids and clathrin, trigonal peptide conjugates bearing β-sheet-forming peptides, glutathiones, or coiled-coil-forming peptides were developed to construct viral capsid-like particles. β-Annulus peptides from tomato bushy stunt virus self-assembled into viral capsid-like nanocapsules with a size of 30-50 nm, which could encapsulate various guest molecules and be decorated with different molecules on their surface. Rationally designed fusion proteins bearing symmetric assembling units afforded precise viral capsid-like polyhedral assemblies. These synthetic approaches to construct artificial viruses could become useful guidelines to develop novel drug carriers, vaccine platforms, nanotemplates and nanoreactors.

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