Inflammation at a wound site is essential for preventing infection. However, misregulated inflammation leads to pathologies of the healing process, including chronic non-healing wounds and scarring. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulators of the inflammatory response and tissue repair, acting by translational processing of target mRNAs. In the final step of miRNA processing, Argonaute 2 (Ago2)-bound mature miRNA complexes bind to target mRNAs and inhibit their translation. A variety of wound healing-related miRNAs have been identified and their misregulation likely contributes to wound pathologies, including scarring and chronic healing. Recently, we have developed an Ago2-bound mature miRNA purification system that uses Ago2 antibody to analyze the expression of miRNAs from wound tissues by microarray and next generation sequencing. We have identified several wound inflammation-related miRNAs via Ago2-target immunoprecipitation assays and next generation sequencing of wound tissues from wild-type and PU.1 knockout mice, which exhibit no inflammatory response because of a lack of immune cell lineages. We demonstrated that miR-142, an identified inflammation-related miRNA, is essential role for neutrophilic chemotaxis via inhibition of small GTPase translation; its misregulation leads to susceptibility to infection against Staphylococcus aureus at skin wound sites. In this review, we summarize recent advances of miRNA studies in skin wound healing, introduce our miRNA purification system using an immunoprecipitation assay method, and discuss the function of miR-142 in skin wound healing.
Keywords: miR-142; argonaute; inflammation; neutrophil; skin wound healing.
© 2018 Japanese Society of Developmental Biologists.