Background: In this analysis we use the National Institute on Aging/Alzheimer's Association (NIA/AA) criteria to identify Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) in a sample of breast cancer survivors treated with chemotherapy.
Methods: Sixty women ages 39-79 on a prospective clinical trial of donepezil were assessed at baseline using a battery of standardized/validated neurocognitive measures. Cognitive status was adjudicated to identify MCI by a panel of dementia experts.
Results: Fifty percent were not cognitively impaired, 43% met the NIA/AA criteria for MCI, 2% had dementia, and 5% could not be classified.
Discussion: In this sample, nearly half of breast cancer survivors met the NIA/AA criteria for MCI. We propose these criteria be used to define cancer-related Mild Cognitive Impairment (cMCI), providing a framework for conducting additional studies to further characterize cMCI and identify clinical, imaging, and genetic factors associated with the progression of cMCI to more advanced stages of cognitive impairment.
Keywords: Breast cancer; Chemotherapy; Dementia; Mild Cognitive Impairment; Quality of life; Survivorship.