Rapid evaluation of 1-kestose producing β-fructofuranosidases from Aspergillus species and enhancement of 1-kestose production using a PgsA surface-display system

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2018 Sep;82(9):1599-1605. doi: 10.1080/09168451.2018.1480347. Epub 2018 Jun 6.


1-Kestose is a key prebiotic fructooligosaccharide (FOS) sugar. Some β-fructofuranosidases (FFases) have high transfructosylation activity, which is useful for manufacturing FOS. Therefore, obtaining FFases that produce 1-kestose efficiently is important. Here, we established a rapid FFase evaluation method using Escherichia coli that display different FFases fused to a PgsA anchor protein from Bacillus subtilis. E. coli cell suspensions expressing the PgsA-FFase fusion efficiently produce FOS from sucrose. Using this screening technique, we found that the E. coli transformant expressing Aspergillus kawachii FFase (AkFFase) produced a larger amount of 1-kestose than those expressing FFases from A. oryzae and A. terreus. Saturation mutagenesis of AkFFase was performed, and the mutant G85W was obtained. The E. coli transformant expressing AkFFase G85W markedly increased production of 1-kestose. Our results indicate that the surface display technique using PgsA is useful for screening of FFases, and AkFFase G85W is likely to be suitable for 1-kestose production.

Abbreviations: AkFFase: Aspergillus kawachii FFase; AoFFase: Aspergillus oryzae FFase; AtFFase: Aspergillus terreus FFase; FFase: β-fructofuranosidase; FOS: fructooligosaccharide; fructosylnystose: 1F-β-fructofuranosylnystose.

Keywords: 1-kestose; PgsA; Surface display; β-fructofuranosidase.

MeSH terms

  • Aspergillus / enzymology
  • Aspergillus / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Mutagenesis
  • Transferases (Other Substituted Phosphate Groups) / genetics*
  • Trisaccharides / metabolism*
  • beta-Fructofuranosidase / biosynthesis*
  • beta-Fructofuranosidase / genetics
  • beta-Fructofuranosidase / metabolism


  • Trisaccharides
  • 1-kestose
  • Transferases (Other Substituted Phosphate Groups)
  • CDP-diacylglycerol-glycerol-3-phosphate 3-phosphatidyltransferase
  • beta-Fructofuranosidase