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Multicenter Study
. 2018 Oct;146(14):1771-1776.
doi: 10.1017/S0950268818001437. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Species and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing of Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci in Periprosthetic Joint Infections

Affiliations
Multicenter Study

Species and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing of Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci in Periprosthetic Joint Infections

J Lourtet-Hascoët et al. Epidemiol Infect. .

Abstract

The objective was to evaluate the distribution of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) involved in periprosthetic-joint infections (PJIs) and to describe their susceptibility profile to antibiotics. We conducted a multicentre retrospective study in France, including 215 CNS PJIs between 2011 and 2015. CNS PJIs involved knees in 54% of the cases, hips in 39%, other sites in 7%. The distribution of the 215 strains was: Staphylococcus epidermidis 129 (60%), Staphylococcus capitis 24 (11%), Staphylococcus lugdunensis 21 (10%), Staphylococcus warneri 8 (4%), Staphylococcus hominis 7 (3%), Staphylococcus haemolyticus 7 (3%). More than half of the strains (52.1%) were resistant to methicillin, 40.9% to ofloxacin, 20% to rifampicin. The species most resistant to antibiotics were S. hominis, S. haemolyticus, S. epidermidis, with 69.7% of the strains resistant to methicillin and 30% simultaneously resistant to clindamycin, cotrimoxazole, ofloxacin and rifampicin. No strain was resistant to linezolid or daptomycin. In this study on CNS involved in PJIs, resistance to methicillin is greater than 50%. S. epidermidis is the most frequent and resistant species to antibiotics. Emerging species such S. lugdunensis, S. capitis and Staphylococcus caprae exhibit profiles more sensitive to antibiotics. The antibiotics most often active in vitro are linezolid and daptomycin.

Keywords: coagulase-negative staphylococci; epidemiology; prosthetic joint infections; prosthetic joint infections..

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