Human PRDM2: Structure, function and pathophysiology

Biochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech. 2018 Jun 6:S1874-9399(18)30071-3. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2018.06.002. Online ahead of print.


PRDM2/RIZ is a member of a superfamily of histone/protein methyltransferases (PRDMs), which are characterized by the conserved N-terminal PR domain, with methyltransferase activity and zinc finger arrays at the C-terminus. Similar to other family members, two main protein types, known as RIZ1 and RIZ2, are produced from the PRDM2 locus differing by the presence or absence of the PR domain. The imbalance in their respective amounts may be an important cause of malignancy, with the PR-positive isoform commonly lost or downregulated and the PR-negative isoform always being present at higher levels in cancer cells. Interestingly, the RIZ1 isoform also represents an important target of estradiol action downstream of the interaction with hormone receptor. Furthermore, the imbalance between the two products could also be a molecular basis for other human diseases. Thus, understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying PRDM2 function could be useful in the pathophysiological context, with a potential to exploit this information in clinical practice.

Keywords: Cancer; Estradiol; Gene products; Human diseases; Molecular function; PRDM2/RIZ.

Publication types

  • Review