Measuring socio-economic status of an urban squatter settlement in Pakistan using WAMI Index

J Pak Med Assoc. 2018 May;68(5):709-714.


Objective: To determine the socio-economic status of a peri-urban community.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Deh Chuhar village, Gaddap Town, Karachi from December 2015 to February 2016. The Water/Sanitation, Assets, Maternal Education and Income Index was used. All variables were given a score on the scale of 0-8. The resulting index was illustrated in the form of quintiles.

Results: : A total of 254 households were surveyed. Total population was 2117 with mean number of household members being 8±4. Mean index score was 0.39±0.14 and the median score was 0.375. Percentile distribution of the score indicated that 152(60%) households scored below 0.40 whereas, 51 (20%) were in the highest quintile with a score above 0.50.

Conclusions: Water/Sanitation, Assets, Maternal Education and Income index suggested poor socio-economic status of the community studied.

Keywords: Socio-economic status, WAMI index, Health outcomes, Deh Chuhar, Developing SES.

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Developing Countries*
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Male
  • Pakistan
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Sanitation
  • Socioeconomic Factors*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Urban Population / classification*
  • Water Supply