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. 2018 Jul 31;41(7):613-621.
doi: 10.14348/molcells.2018.0143. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Maturation of Cardiomyocytes Derived From Human Pluripotent Stem Cells: Current Strategies and Limitations

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Maturation of Cardiomyocytes Derived From Human Pluripotent Stem Cells: Current Strategies and Limitations

Yanqing Jiang et al. Mol Cells. .
Free PMC article


The capacity of differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), which include both embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells, into cardiomyocytes (CMs) in vitro provides an unlimited resource for human CMs for a wide range of applications such as cell based cardiac repair, cardiac drug toxicology screening, and human cardiac disease modeling. However, their applicability is significantly limited by immature phenotypes. It has been well known that currently available CMs derived from hPSCs (hPSC-CMs) represent immature embryonic or fetal stage CMs and are functionally and structurally different from mature human CMs. To overcome this critical issue, several new approaches aiming to generate more mature hPSC-CMs have been developed. This review describes recent approaches to generate more mature hPSC-CMs including their scientific principles, advantages, and limitations.

Keywords: cardiomyocytes; human pluripotent stem cells; immaturity; maturation.


Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Currently available strategies for maturing cardiomyocytes derived from human pluripotent stem cells.

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