An adaptive spatio-temporal Gaussian filter for processing cardiac optical mapping data

Comput Biol Med. 2018 Nov 1:102:267-277. doi: 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2018.05.029. Epub 2018 Jun 4.


Optical mapping is widely used as a tool to investigate cardiac electrophysiology in ex vivo preparations. Digital filtering of fluorescence-optical data is an important requirement for robust subsequent data analysis and still a challenge when processing data acquired from thin mammalian myocardium. Therefore, we propose and investigate the use of an adaptive spatio-temporal Gaussian filter for processing optical mapping signals from these kinds of tissue usually having low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). We demonstrate how filtering parameters can be chosen automatically without additional user input. For systematic comparison of this filter with standard filtering methods from the literature, we generated synthetic signals representing optical recordings from atrial myocardium of a rat heart with varying SNR. Furthermore, all filter methods were applied to experimental data from an ex vivo setup. Our developed filter outperformed the other filter methods regarding local activation time detection at SNRs smaller than 3 dB which are typical noise ratios expected in these signals. At higher SNRs, the proposed filter performed slightly worse than the methods from literature. In conclusion, the proposed adaptive spatio-temporal Gaussian filter is an appropriate tool for investigating fluorescence-optical data with low SNR. The spatio-temporal filter parameters were automatically adapted in contrast to the other investigated filters.

Keywords: Adaptive filtering; Optical mapping; Rat myocardium; Spatio-temporal Gaussian filter.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Fourier Analysis
  • Heart Atria / diagnostic imaging*
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Normal Distribution
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Signal-To-Noise Ratio
  • Software