Culturally and linguistically diverse oncology patients' perspectives of consultation audio-recordings and question prompt lists

Psychooncology. 2018 Sep;27(9):2180-2188. doi: 10.1002/pon.4789. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Abstract

Objective: Ethnicity and migrant status result in disparities with cancer burden and survival, with communication difficulties cited as the main barrier to access. Our research team tested a communication intervention package comprising consultation audio-recordings (ARs) and question prompt lists (QPLs) for low English-speaking (LES) patients with cancer. This study explored LES patient experiences, preferences, and recommendations regarding the communication package.

Methods: Participants completed a questionnaire and qualitative interview regarding ARs and QPLs. Eligibility criteria comprised aged ≥18 years old; a consultation with an oncologist between June 1, 2015 and April 1, 2016; an Arabic, Cantonese, Greek, or Mandarin professional interpreter booked for that consultation; and randomised to receive the communication intervention.

Results: Eighteen patients completed the qualitative interview and 17 completed the questionnaire. Fifteen reported listening to the AR at least once. Participants reported that QPLs and ARs provide support and assistance with remembering and understanding medical information. Both resources were seen as having applicability beyond the oncology setting in regards to improving health service delivery and continuity of care. However, patients felt that individual tailoring of the resources should be considered. Patients also found it useful to share ARs with family.

Conclusions: The LES participants in this study considered the ARs and QPLs useful for most, but not all contexts. Recommendations regarding delivery and use highlight that these resources should be tailored and patient-driven. Further, patients foresaw a range of additional uses for consultation ARs within the broader healthcare context.

Keywords: cancer; communication intervention; consultation audio-recordings; culturally and linguistically diverse; health literacy; health services; migrants; models of care; oncology; question prompt list.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Australia
  • Communication
  • Ethnic Groups / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medical Oncology
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / ethnology
  • Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Neoplasms / therapy
  • Patient Participation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Physician-Patient Relations*
  • Referral and Consultation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tape Recording / statistics & numerical data*