The novel gene(s) ARD of plasmid pKM101: alleviation of EcoK restriction

Mol Gen Genet. 1985;198(3):509-13. doi: 10.1007/BF00332948.


The host-controlled K restriction of unmodified phage lambda was 10-100-fold alleviated in the wild-type strain E. coli K12, carrying plasmid pKM101 of incompability group N. pKM101-mediated release of K restriction was also observed in lexA-, recA-, and recB- strains of E. coli K12. By restriction mapping Tn5 insertions in pKM101, which reduced pKM101-mediated alleviation of restriction, were shown to be located within the BglIIB fragment approximately 11 kb anticlockwise from the RI site of pKM101. We have termed the gene(s) promoting the alleviation of K restriction of phage lambda ard (alleviation of restriction of DNA). It was shown (1) that ard function affected only the EcoK restriction system and not the EcoB, EcoRI, EcoRIII, or EcoPI systems, (2) ard gene(s) did not mediate EcoK type modification of lambda DNA and did not increase the modification activity of the EcoK system in a way similar to that observed with gene ral of bacteriophage lambda.

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacteriophage lambda / metabolism
  • DNA Restriction Enzymes / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • DNA Transposable Elements
  • DNA, Viral / metabolism
  • Deoxyribonucleases, Type I Site-Specific*
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology
  • Escherichia coli / genetics*
  • Genes, Bacterial*
  • Plasmids*


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • DNA Transposable Elements
  • DNA, Viral
  • DNA Restriction Enzymes
  • endodeoxyribonuclease EcoK
  • Deoxyribonucleases, Type I Site-Specific