Objectives: We investigated the frequency and pattern of detection of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (t-mAbs) daratumumab and elotuzumab by routine serum protein electrophoresis (SPE) and immunofixation (IF) in treated patients with myeloma.
Methods: Detection of t-mAb was assessed in 22 patients by retrospective review of SPE/IF ordered prior to, during, and after 26 individual courses of therapy.
Results: t-mAb was distinguishable from M-protein in 16 of 26 courses, with daratumumab detected in nine of nine and elotuzumab in six of seven patients. t-mAb was detected on first follow-up SPE/IF in 12 patients, with earliest detection 7 days after therapy initiation and latest detection 70 days after therapy. t-mAb persisted throughout induction therapy in most patients, with loss of detection during maintenance daratumumab.
Conclusions: When distinguishable from M-protein, t-mAbs are detectable in 93% of treated patients as soon as 7 days after the initial dose and are consistently observed throughout induction therapy, warranting increased monitoring and careful interpretation of SPE/IF.