Receptor-mediated uptake of asialoganglioside liposomes: sub-cellular distribution of the liposomal marker in isolated liver cell types

Biochem Int. 1985 Mar;10(3):327-36.

Abstract

The use of asialo GM1-containing small unilamellar liposome preparations in vivo caused a 2.8-fold increase in the uptake by the liver as compared with the control (neutral) preparations (without asialo GM1). The uptake of negatively charged dicetylphosphate and dipalmitoyl phosphatidic acid-containing small unilamellar liposomes was found to be 1.6-and 1.8-fold respectively higher than that of the neutral preparations. In studies with isolated liver cell types, inhibition of the galactosylated liposome uptake by asialofetuin indicated a possible involvement of hepatic galactose receptors in the recognition of asialo GM1 liposomes by the hepatic parenchymal cells, which in turn were found to be mainly responsible for the enhanced incorporation of these liposomes in the liver. Sub-cellular distribution studies with isolated liver cell types indicated lysosomal localization of the liposomes both in parenchymal and nonparenchymal cells, and it has been proposed that the asialo GM1 liposomes are cointernalized with asialofetuin through a common lysosomal route of ligand internalization.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Transport, Active
  • Electrochemistry
  • Female
  • G(M1) Ganglioside*
  • Glycosphingolipids / metabolism*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Liposomes*
  • Liver / cytology
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Lysosomes / metabolism
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism
  • Subcellular Fractions / metabolism

Substances

  • Glycosphingolipids
  • Liposomes
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • galactose receptor
  • G(M1) Ganglioside
  • asialo GM1 ganglioside