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. 2018 Aug;49(8):1497-1503.
doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2018.06.011. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Effects of Concentrated Growth Factors (CGF) on the Quality of the Induced Membrane in Masquelet's Technique - An Experimental Study in Rabbits

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Effects of Concentrated Growth Factors (CGF) on the Quality of the Induced Membrane in Masquelet's Technique - An Experimental Study in Rabbits

Orkun Yılmaz et al. Injury. .

Abstract

Aims: The aim of the study was to test if the addition of CGF to the Masquelet technique contributes to the quality of the membrane formed surrounding the polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), in terms of inflammation, proliferation and vasculazition in the Masquelet technique in the early and late phases in a rabbit model.

Materials and methods: A critical bone defect of 15 mm was created in radius diaphysis, leaving 3 cm of intact bone to the joint. To mimic the Masquelet technique and to increase stability, a 6-hole 1.5 mm plate with two screws was applied, although it was initialy stable because of the inherently fixed ulna and radius both proximally and distally in the rabbits. Group 1 and Group 3, were soleley treated with the Masquelet technique as control groups, and were sacrificed at 3 and 6 weeks, respectively. Group 2 and Group 4, were treated with the Masquelet technique + CGF prepared from the rabbit blood groups, and were sacrificed at 3 and 6 weeks, respectively. The groups were compared histopathologically and immunohistochemically, in respect of the means of thickness of the membrane and ratio of elastic fibers, membrane vascularization (CD31), inflammation (MAC387), proliferation (Ki67), and presence of stem cells (STRO-1).

Results: Thickness of the membrane and CD31 values were significantly higher in Group 4 than Group 3 (p = 0.004 for both). MAC387 was statistically significantly higher in Group 2 compared to Group 1 and Group 4 compared to Group 3 (p = 0.04 for both). Ki67 was significantly higher in Group 2 compared to Group 1 and Group 4 compared to Group 3 (p = 0.05 and p = 0.006, respectively). Proliferation in the membrane was statistically significantly higher in Group 2 compared to Group 1 (p = 0.05). Likewise, the proliferation index of Group 4 was statistically significantly higher than Group 3 (p = 0.06). STRO-1 was significantly higher in Group 2 compared to Group 1 (p = 0036).

Conclusion: The addition of CGF to the Masquelet technique contributes to the quality of the membrane formed, in respect of inducing inflammation and proliferation, maintaining vascularization on large diaphyseal bone defects, and increasing the number of stem cells.

Keywords: Bone defect; CD31; Concentrated growth factor; MAC387; Masquelet technique; STRO-1.

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