An Update on Adolescent Sleep: New Evidence Informing the Perfect Storm Model

J Adolesc. 2018 Aug;67:55-65. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.06.001. Epub 2018 Jun 13.


The maturation of sleep regulatory systems during adolescence in combination with psychosocial and societal pressures culminate in a "Perfect Storm" of short and ill-timed sleep and the associated consequences for many youngsters. This model, first described by Carskadon in 2011, guides our current thinking of adolescent sleep behavior. Since the original description, the field has moved forward with remarkable pace, and this review aims to summarize recent progress and describe how this new work informs our understanding of sleep regulation and sleep behavior during this developmental time frame.

Keywords: Circadian timing; Light; School start time; Sleep homeostasis; Slow wave activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / physiology*
  • Adolescent Development / physiology*
  • Circadian Rhythm / physiology
  • Female
  • Homeostasis / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Sleep / physiology*