Breast and Body Contouring for Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Individuals

Clin Plast Surg. 2018 Jul;45(3):333-342. doi: 10.1016/j.cps.2018.03.015.


Even after long-term hormone therapy, many transwomen still have challenges in the size and shape of their breasts and also of the contour of their trunk areas. Though distinct anthropomorphic differences in skeletal structure exist and pose limitations to an ideal result, considerable improvements can be obtained through breast augmentation and trunk feminization. There are challenges that are unique to the transfeminine chest and trunk, and important considerations for the priority of fat grafting to the buttocks and hips when grafted fat is in short supply.

Keywords: Body contouring; Breast augmentation; Gender affirmation; Transgender.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Body Contouring / methods*
  • Breast / surgery*
  • Buttocks / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mammaplasty / methods*
  • Sex Reassignment Procedures / methods*
  • Transgender Persons*